WEATHER – AFTER PAINTING AND DECALING IS COMPLETE AND A PROTECTIVE COAT OF DULLCOTE (TESTOR’S 1260 CLEAR) HAS BEEN APPLIED – AND- IN MOST (BUT NOT ALL CASES), A COAT OF STAIN CONSISTING OF ONE TEASPOON OF INDIA INK PER ONE PINT OF 70% RUBBING ALCOHOL HAS BEEN APPLIED WITH A “FLOPPY” BRUSH TO THE ENTIRE CAR.
Remember – couplers, trucks and wheels on almost all PROTOTYPE cars are NOT painted – you should avoid painting the inside portion of Kadee couplers on your MODELS. The ratio for your initial india ink STAIN should be one teaspoon of india ink to one pint of 70% rubbing alcohol (many modelers use 91% alcohol – it’s your call). The ratio for your initial oil-based WASH should be one part oil paint to twenty parts odorless mineral spirits – use Paynes Grey for dark wash, use Burnt Umber for brown wash, etc. AND be prepared to wait 48 hours for drying to be complete. Stain or wash it’s your call – many prefer the ease of acrylics. Remember – “blotch” from the bottom of car – acrylic paint mixed with water, applied with wet “floppy” brush; “streak” from the top of car down – very, very, little acrylic paint, applied with dry “stiff” brush – and only – on the downstroke”. RUST is simulated by using a combination of dark brown, red/orange, and bright orange (only a bit, a little goes a long way), rust on the prototype appears anywhere water might accumulate (tender tanks tops), along braces and ribs, where paint has been scraped away (hopper and gondola interior walls, etc) and on the roofs of NEWER freight cars from the 70s on to the present (galvanized roofs rust far quicker than older painted roofs) – couplers on the prototype almost always show rust, while trucks seldom do. If you put an alcohol based stain over Dullcote you will almost always get “FADE” – don’t panic just remember that another shot of Dullcote will seal the deal and remove the “FADE” if you want the fade don’t use that final shot of Dullcote. NEVER try to apply decals over weathering, complete decaling before starting any weathering BUT if you must, apply a coat of GLOSSCOTE (TESTOR’S 1261 CLEAR), set decal with setting solution (I use MICROSCALE’s brand for this step) and then finally finish up with a final coat of Dullcote. REMEMBER FOR BEST RESULTS – Add 5 or 10% white to light colors, and 20 to 25% to dark colors. IN CASE OF FAILURE- use brake fluid to take ALL the paint off –and it will – right down to bear plastic in about 12 hrs.; Castrol Super Clean will do the same in 30 minutes BUT wear gloves or your skin is gone too (be patient, use brake fluid). USE A SILVER SHARPIE for detailing; and ACE HARDWARE’s brand of Aluminum spray paint for vents, air conditioning duct work, etc. LASTLY, try, try and try, weathering is a fun aspect of our hobby, and the internet is filled with information and photos to help YOU.